The verbal section in CAT not only tests the Grammar and English of a candidate but also the critical thinking skills. Since the last 3 years, VA-RC is one section in which candidates have particularly faced difficulty. In this post, we give you a guide on how to solve RC in Verbal Section and the pattern for the section in CAT 2018
Distribution of Questions:
- 6-7 questions on error correction
- 5-6 questions on jumbled paragraphs
- 4-5 questions on facts, inference or judgment
- 3-4 questions on para summary
- 15-16 questions on reading comprehension
TOTAL TIME ALLOTED: 60 minutes
FOLLOW THESE To IMPROVE ACCURACY:
- BUILD VOCABULARY:One of the elementary requirements to enhance the Verbal Ability section is build your vocabulary. Since a lot of questions put up in the VA section are echoed around words, familiarizing yourself with a extensive range of words is an certain part of preparing for the VA. There are various sources through which you can increase your vocabulary. Some of the ways are through newspapers, magazines, dictionaries, thesaurus and so on.
- WORK ON ACCURACY: Accuracy is very important in RC. Following these simple steps would help you to score high marks in less time.
Step 1:Read the passage, ensuring that you have understood 70% of it; if you have not understood it, don’t panic, read the whole passage again. On an average, we all—that includes me—need at least two readings to comprehend a well-written passage. While reading you should pick the proper nouns, the very ideas that are central to the passage. Most of the RC questions are based on these proper nouns, and their relationship with other proper nouns.
Step 2:Read the first question
Questions are of two types: the first whose answers are directly stated in the passage, and the second whose answers are not directly stated, but are suggested, implied or are to be inferred from the passage.
The first type take time, for they are based on how quickly you are able sift through the maze of details and multitude of information given in the passage; the second type demand understanding, for they are based on how good you are in reading between the lines. Some students are good with the first kind, while some are good with the second; you must try to be good in both; the second type demands higher degree of caution, whereas the first needs patience.
Step 3: After reading the passage, go to that part of the passage from where the question has come. If the question is easy, you would not take much time answering the question correctly. If the answer is not clear, try reading the whole paragraph one again to gain greater context and reach the answer
Step 4: Use elimination technique for tough questions. A tough question is that in which the options are so close that it might be difficult for you to pick one and reject the other; here you must exercise both caution and discretion Don’t rush to pick the answer but remember one precept: there is an evidence for everything. If you zero down on two options but are not able to pick the right choice; go to the passage, look for the evidence, what has the passage to say, where is the author’s stand, where is the evidence… so on and so forth. It is these careful deliberations that will help you arrive at the right answer.
- PRACTICE:Learning the rules of grammar or memorizing new words will be of little help if you don’t practice regularly and implement whatever you learn. It is not possible to memorize words and be able to retain them for longer periods, if you do not use them in your conversations regularly, as words will quietly slip to the passive vocabulary. Similarly, the rules of grammar can only be retained if you practice questions, observe the ways in which they are used, and make a conscious effort to make them a part of your daily conversations.
- GOLDEN RULE(READ AND READ)
- MAKE A LIST – . Keep a list of all the great books you want to read. You can keep this in your journal, in a pocket notebook, on your personal home page, on your personal wiki, wherever. Be sure to add to it whenever you hear about a good book, online or in person. Keep a running list, and cross out the ones you read.
- SET TIMES. You should have a few set times during every day when you’ll read for at least 5-10 minutes. These are times that you will read no matter what — triggers that happen each day. For example, make it a habit to read during breakfast and lunch (and even dinner if you eat alone). And if you also read every time you’re sitting on the can, and when you go to bed, you now have four times a day when you read for 10 minutes each — or 40 minutes a day.
- Read fun and compelling books. Find books that really grip you and keep you going. Even if they aren’t literary masterpieces, they make you want to read — and that’s the goal here. After you have cultivated the reading habit, you can move on to more difficult stuff, but for now, go for the fun, gripping stuff.
- Newspaper: Reading newspaper helps a lot as it not only enhances the vocabulary but also hons the reading speed.
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