# GMAT Exam Structure, Pattern and Guideline

## GMAT Structure and Guideline

GMAT is a simplified test which means it tests the academic potential, and not the knowledge of specific subjects. The GMAT structure includes 4 sections i.e., Analytical Writing, Quantitative Aptitude, Verbal Reasoning and Integrated Reasoning.

### THE GMAT STRUCTURE CONSISTS OF 4 SECTIONS:

All these sections are time based and includes some fixed no. of questions.

• Analytical Writing Assessment (30 minutes)
• Quantitative Aptitude (75 minutes)
• Verbal Reasoning (75 minutes)
• Integrated Reasoning (30 minutes)

Candidates have a total of three and a half hours to complete these four sections. The total score out of 800 is only for the verbal and quantitative sections. The remaining two sections of GMAT structure receive their independent scores.

## 1. Analytical Writing:

The Analytical Writing section consists of one essay writing task: the Argument. This section has a 30-minute essay which includes:

• Read and analyse the given argument
• Find ot the reason behind an argument
• Write a criticism of the same
• Plan an approach to present the opinion
• Think from all the perspectives
• Finalize the answer with proper reasoning and explanation
• Take care of the grammar.

The score for this section is on a rating of 0-6.

## 2.Quantitative Aptitude:

The Quantitative section has two types of multiple choice questions Data Sufficiency and Problem Solving. It includes 37 questions and a time frame of 75 minutes to complete this section. The questions are designed to put the math skills to test. They revolve around basic arithmetic, algebra and geometry.

#### A. Data Sufficiency:

Data sufficiency questions consist of a question with two statements. The task is to decide whether the information in the statements (taken single or together) is sufficient to answer the question. This section is intended to test the ability to assess the given data systematically. The question will have two statements and five answer choices. These answer choices always remain the same.

#### B. Problem Solving:

Problem solving questions consists of 5-choice multiple choice questions. This part is designed to test quantitative skills and ability to solve a problem with the various mathematical concepts. The number of problem solving questions are greater in number.

## 3.Verbal Reasoning:

The GMAT Verbal test tests the command on English, skill in analyzing arguments, and ability to read. The GMAT verbal section consists of 41 questions of three general types: reading comprehension problems, sentence correction questions, and critical reasoning questions within a total time of 75 minutes.

Reading comprehension questions test the ability to understand the passage and answer question on the basis of what is stated and implied in the passage. RC questions present scholarly passages in the topics of business or science (social, biological, physical) and then ask three or four questions about each passage, and tests the critical reading skills and ability to:

• Understand and analyse the main idea.
• Appreciate features such as the author’s tone and attitude
• Find out the inference based on information
• Analyze the logical structure of a passage
• Allow approximately 1 minute to answer each question.

#### B. Critical Reasoning:

There are around 14 critical reasoning questions in the GMAT verbal section. It similarly examines the argument skills: how to make them, evaluate them, and formulate a plan of action. The passage is in the form of an argument with five answer choices. The key task is to

• Collect the relevant information from the argument.
• Identify premises, assumptions and conclusions.
• Find the conclusion of the argument.
• Analyse what is being asked i.e., to strengthen/weaken/find assumption of the argument.
• Determine the evidence exists for the conclusion.

#### C. Sentence Correction:

All sentence correction questions consist of a sentence which are equally similar with part underlined, with 5 answer choices. The task is to choose the BEST version from the choices given.

• Read all the sentences carefully.
• Identify the error.
• Eliminate the option that contains error.
• Select the option A, if there is no error in other options.
• At last, read the whole sentence and mark correct.

## D. Integrated Reasoning:

The section is a 30-minute integrated reasoning test that examines the ability to read and evaluate charts, graphs, and other forms of presenting data. Examine a variety of data representation and answer 12 questions based on the information. The score is reported on a scale of 1-8.

The questions includes graphical, tabular interpretation and there are various question where each question is independent and may have more than one part. An on-screen calculator will be available.

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